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The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is the world’s most popular English language proficiency test. The person who is interested in going to a foreign country to study, work, and migrate takes this test. IELTS is taken by two international organizations: British Council and IDP Education. Last year, more than two and a half million tests were conducted and the number is increasing with each passing year. It is the only English test that is accepted by all the countries worldwide.

There are two types of IELTS test: General and Academic. Both the tests are for different purposes. It’s not a rocket science to choose the right category for your visa application.

1. Academic IELTS

If you want to go to a foreign country for higher or further education, then you will have to take IELTS test under the academic category. All the reputed colleges and universities have set their own minimum requirement of IELTS test score for getting admission in their campus.

2. General IELTS

This category covers for getting admission in school, work visa, or you want to migrate to a particular country. This test basically ensures that you are accustomed to English enough for your survival and day-to-day needs for communication.

Preparation for IELTS

To get an admission in your dream university in a foreign country or to secure a work visa for another country, it is must that you achieve a certain set of scores called bands in IELTS test. For this, you have to prepare in the right direction in accordance to the test format set the official authorities to determine your English language skills. Moreover, it’s important to know the criteria of different modules to prepare for better IELTS score.

Part 1: IELTS Listening Section

As clear from its name, the listening test will be a test of your understanding ability. A recorded CD will be played to you but only once. During the test, a set of questions will be given to you, which you have to answer while listening to the recording. You will also be given some time to check your answers. Candidates are allowed to writes the answers on the question paper, because they will be given 10 minutes to write their answers on the answer sheet.The different sections of the listening module in native speaker’s accent will be played to the candidates.

A conversation between two people set in everyday social context.
A monolog set in an everyday context.
A conversation between up to four people set in an educational context; e.g., university tutor.
A monolog is given on any academic subject. Example, lecture in a university.
Listening Evaluation – There will be 40 questions in this set. 1 mark will be awarded for each right answer. There is no negative marking or penalty for the wrong answers.

Part : 2 IELTS Reading Section

In this section, there are a wide variety of questions to test candidate’s reading skills and his/her level of understanding the language. The test includes reading of a gist, reading for main ideas, skimming, reading for details, understanding logical arguments, recognizing writer’s opinions, attitude and purpose.This section will have 40 questions, which will be based on three reading passages.

It will have different contents for Academic and General IELTS.

Academic Training Test
In this section of IELTS test, there are three long and descriptive tests, which also contain graphical images, if so then glossary will be given to facilitate students. The topics will be picked from newspapers, magazines, journals, and other public publishing entities, which are written for a non-specific audience and are on trending and popular topics. So, students have an idea as what to expect in the article.

General Training Test

This version of the test includes materials from Notices, Books, Magazines, advertisements, company handbooks, and manuals. It contains mostly that data, which one encounters on a daily basis in an English speaking environment.The first section is known as ‘social survival’ section. It contains texts that are related to basic linguistic survival in an English speaking environment.The second segment contains a more advanced level of language and is known as Training Survival. It contains some elaborate expressions, which are used in the English Language.The third paragraph is mostly of descriptive and instructive instructions and is known as General Training.

IELTS Reading Marks and Assessment

One mark is awarded for the each correct answer in the 40 questions test. There is no penalty for wrong answers.

Part : 3 IELTS Writing Section

This section comprises of two parts. In the first section, the candidate has to write a paragraph of minimum 150 words for which they will be given 20 minutes.The second section has the word limit set to a minimum of 250 words which should be completed in 40 minutes.

Academic Writing Training
This section of the test contains topic that are related to the students who are trying to get the admission in undergraduate, postgraduate studies, or seeking professional registration.

Task 1- The candidate is given graphs, tabular diagrams, charts etc. They have to explain the given graphical representation in their own words. In layman’s terms, they have to explain the process that is being shown in the graphs.

Task 2- In this the candidate’s mental ability is checked through logical arguments or point of views. The candidate will be given the set of arguments, statements and will have to justify their opinion, compare the evidence and implications.

General Writing Training
It contains those texts, which are most common in one’s general life.

Task 1- In this section, the candidate is given a situation and is asked to write down the given situation with a letter explaining the given situation or requesting information. The letter will be in personal, formal, or semi-formal in style.

Task 2- In this part, the candidate is required to write down an essay in response to an argument or stating their point of view. The candidate is required to perform an assessment of the situation and has to give the solution to the given situation.

Part : 4 IELTS Speaking

This section is comprised to access the fluency and command of the candidate on the English language. All the speaking tests are taken in a way that there is no chance for the candidate to give the rehearsed response.

Part 1-

It is the beginning of the interview section. In this phase, the interviewer introduces himself/herself to the candidate and verifies the candidate’s identity.

Part 2-

The candidates will be asked questions based on a card, which will be given to them by the interviewer.

Part 3-

The candidates take parts in a two-way discussion on more abstract ideas that are related to part two. In simpler term, part-3 is the continuation of part-2.

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